Stretch marks are slim, off-coloured streaks that seem at the skin when it expands or contracts too rapidly. Even though normally related to being pregnant, those band-like striations can shape due to rapid changes in body frame. People frequently experience stretch marks at some point of puberty as their frame undergoes a rapid spurt of increase. Similarly, sudden weight gain or weight reduction also can cause this shape of harmless pores and skin scarring. Stretch marks are typically common in Women due to the fact they’re frequently related to pregnancy. Men are prone to abrupt body adjustments as well during muscle building or weight gain.
Stretch Marks Causes
Obese people normally have stretch marks on different areas in their frame where the pores and skin is stretched beyond its elastic bandwidth such that it tears. This type of pores and skin tearing takes place within the dermis, or middle layers, while the pores and skin is unable to enlarge rapidly sufficient to accommodate the growing size of the body.
The ability of your pores and skin relies upon upon the collagen and elastin in it. While your frame grows, these structural proteins make your skin develop as a consequence however at their personal measured tempo. If the frame expands an excessive amount rapidly, the collagen and elastin will now not be capable of making your pores and skin develop at the same price. As an end result, your skin may be pulled apart and the connective fibers within the dermis will rupture. Those consequences result in the formation of stretch marks.
2. Weight loss
Surprisingly, weight loss is also one of the reasons for stretch marks on the body. While your weight reduces extensively in a short duration, your skin fails to shrink at an equal tempo, leaving you with excess pores and skin. As there isn’t enough surface area to accommodate the more pores and skin, it can fold and compress other areas of the skin. The excess pores and skin can reason stretching and tearing.
Bodybuilding is now getting popular among the youth However, People who often engage in such strenuous workout routines frequently go through a fast physical transformation as their muscle length increases. Because the muscle grows, the skin over it is able to come to be overstretched and tear. Consequently, stretch marks have a tendency to seem in regions with increased muscle formation.
4. Overuse of cortisone skin creams
Steroid-containing lotions can compromise the structural integrity of your skin while used for an extensive time period without damage. Pores and skin atrophy, or thinning of the pores and skin, is one of the most commonplace and nicely-established facet effects of topical corticosteroids. The higher the efficiency of the cream, the more intense the pores and skin damage. Thinning of the pores and skin makes it extra at risk of tearing and scarring.
In case you discontinue the use of the topical corticosteroid for the duration of the early degree of skin atrophy, the damage may be reversed. However, extended and uninterrupted application of topical corticosteroids can damage your pores and skin beyond restore and can cause the improvement of permanent stretch marks. This type of skin damage can also result if you take excessive doses of oral corticosteroids for numerous months or longer.
Stretch marks are a not unusual occurrence in the course of being pregnant, while a female’s body transforms in a rely of months. The abdomen expands swiftly and extensively and the relaxation of the body also can enjoy enormous weight advantage. The load gain can be greater prominent in some parts than the others.
As an example, childbearing women are much more likely to accumulate weight in the thighs and legs. As the skin is pulled in special directions, stretch marks may additionally develop at the expanding frame parts. The first signal of scarring normally appears whilst the female enters her final trimester. Girls who had been on the heavier aspect even before the pregnancy began are greater susceptible to stretch marks.
Similarly to the being pregnant-induced weight gain, expecting ladies additionally enjoy certain hormonal fluctuations that make a contribution to the development of stretch marks. Women who’re pregnant with a couple of infants will inadvertently have a bigger belly circumference than folks who are sporting the simplest one, baby. Therefore, they have got a better tendency to develop stretch marks. Furthermore, girls who conceive at a young age are more likely to get stretch marks than older mothers. Up to ninety% of all pregnant girls expand stretch marks. The marks usually seem over the stomach, on the thighs (internal and top), and at the back of the knees.
6. Hormonal adjustments
We go through a phase of transition all through puberty, which is marked via fast hormonal modifications. The identical is real of being pregnant. These hormonal fluctuations render your skin more prone to tearing when stretched. During puberty and being pregnant, the production of cortisone hormone on your body will increase. The multiplied cortisone makes your pores and skin keep greater water and emerge as less elastic. Furthermore, the bonds between the collagen fibers weaken. So, when the pores and skin is stretched an excessive amount of, the collagen fibers break greater effortlessly and stretch marks emerge thereafter.
Anyone with a family history of stretch marks is possible to get them as well. This genetic predisposition applies predominantly to pregnancy-associated stretch marks. If different women in your family have skilled in a similar condition, whilst pregnant, you’ve got a high threat of developing them. Your genes may additionally suppress the expression of the collagen and fibronectin genes. As an end result, your skin is much less elastic and more prone to tearing, ensuing inside the formation of stretch marks.
the exact genetic mechanism that makes one prone to this situation needs in addition investigation to be set up really.
Hypercortisolism causes the heightened functioning of the adrenal cortex, which results in immoderate manufacturing of cortisol hormone inside the body. The surge in cortisol results in low elasticity of the skin. Expanded quantities of cortisol can weaken the collagen fibers, thereby growing the chance of pores and skin tearing. Ehlers-danlos syndrome is yet every other disease that can make your skin strangely stretchy and liable to bruising. Patients with Marfan syndrome usually increase stretch marks on their shoulders, flank, and buttocks. That is because of the decreased collagen formation and weakened pores and skin tissue delivered approximately by using this situation. Sure medications that suppress collagen synthesis could make your skin less elastic and susceptible to tearing.
Can Stretch marks go away?
Stretch marks do not pose any danger to your health, but having them can make you self-conscious. For some people, they can be a source of anxiety and decreased confidence.
In most cases, stretch marks become less visible over time without any medical intervention.
However, if the scarring is extensive and appears on the commonly exposed areas of the skin, you may consider some treatment methods that can help diminish the appearance of stretch marks.
Dermatological procedures are well researched and safe to use under medical supervision. Some of the methods in Dermatological Procedures are:
1) Chemical peel
Chemical peels should only be undertaken under expert medical supervision and are the most painful but rewarding However, It is like basically getting a new skin.
In this, a chemical solution is applied to the area of choice which forms blisters and eventually wears off like a peel. The person needs to take care a lot in this procedure as chances of infection and irritation are quite high.
The new skin is free of Melasma and any marks.
2) Laser therapy
Laser treatment is an expensive clinical technique that is carried out by a trained medical practitioner.
In this treatment, the stretch marks are exposed to a focused laser beam to remove the dead tissues and promote new skin generation.
This treatment involves multiple sittings.
Microdermabrasion is a clinical procedure that uses an abrasive surface applicator to sand off the outer layer of skin. There are 2 types of Microdermabrasion namely Crystal Microdermabrasion and hydradermabrasion.
Currently, Hydradermabrasion is getting popular day by day. In it, a diamond tip wand is used to apply pressurized water over the designated area. The results are truly miraculous.
Radiofrequency devices tighten the loose skin and promote collagen production in the area where it is administered.
Microneedling is a popular technique among the new generation of women and might be painful for some. In this, a derma roller with microneedles rolls on the skin.
The microneedles help in triggering collagen production, which leads to the formation of fresh layers of skin. This has worked wonders for many and is popular at various cosmetology centers.
In any case, one needs to take into account the considerations of the medical practitioner, before continuing with any treatment. They suggest the best method of treatment depending on factors:
- Health and existing ailments
- Age and Gender
- History of Stretch Marks
However, one must take into account the side effects of each treatment option before pursuing it
Home Remedies for stretch marks
Turmeric is studied across the world for its various therapeutic uses. In Indian cooking Turmeric or Haldi as we call it in our language plays an important role. We also apply it to our skin during the auspicious ceremony before the wedding. However, there is no scientific evidence that it helps fade stretch marks. You may use it with any emollient for added skin benefits.
2) Argan oil
Argan oil contains extracts of Argan tree. We use it in both cooking as well as a topical application. Applying argan oil improves skin elasticity and hydration levels. Argan oil contains natural phenols such as caffeic acid, tyrosol, and catechins. These natural phenols help impart anti-oxidation properties and improve blood circulation in the body. This helps to keep your skin healthy and may fade stretch marks gradually.
3) Olive oil
Olive oil is rich in vitamin E and can keep the skin moisturized and soften it. Additionally, studies have found it ineffective in reducing stretch marks. But you can use olive oil to keep your skin moisturized and improve skin health.
We all have sugar in our home and is a common ingredient in day to day life. Sugar helps in exfoliation of the skin. Rubbing a sugar scrub on the skin will exfoliate the area. To do this:
- Mix one cup sugar with 1/4 cup of a softening agent, like almond oil or coconut oil, before mixing to the consistency of wet beach sand.
- Add some lemon juice.
- Scrub the mixture on the part of your body where the stretch marks are.
- Repeat several times a week while in the shower, making sure to rub the mixture on for 8-10 minutes.
5) Cocoa Butter
The use of cocoa butter helps reduce stretch marks and I have seen that if used during and after pregnancy it makes the stretch marks disappear completely. The best time to use cocoa butter is at night, so massage it well into the skin and over a period of time, you will find the stretch marks reducing and fading away. Palmer’s Cocoa Butter Formula is one of the best cocoa butter lotions to buy in the market
6) Aloe Vera
Aloe vera is a plant that helps regenerate skin tissue and as such it has miraculous healing properties. Take the fresh gel from the leaf and massage onto the area with stretch marks and leave on for 20-30 minutes. Do it daily and wash off with tepid water.
7) Coconut Oil
Since stretch marks are scarring from skin damage, coconut oil might help heal the appearance quickly.
Coconut oil reduces the time or wounds to heal. Applying virgin coconut oil to your stretch marks each day might take away some of their red appearances.
I was the president of the Fashionista Club at my college. That is when I discovered my love for writing on fashion and beauty, mainly to inspire others. Since then, I love to constantly lookout for fashion trends and beauty secrets. I am in love with the idea of going organic in terms of beauty. If I were a beauty product, I’d be Essential oil. Beauty is a healthy state of mind and the only beauty standard that I follow is anything that makes me happy and confident. I love to inculcate positive habits in me and have an optimistic attitude. I live by the idea of living life in harmony and to bloom with grace. I believe that the concept of Beauty & Style of anyone is something that is very personal and it starts with loving yourself. Afterall Bosswoman Vibes are the most sexy and you gotta believe in your inner Beyonce.